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Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer() Execute Assembler

Detecting Virtual Machine Execution

I never noticed the Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer Method (System.Runtime.InteropServices) function in the .NET Framework 2.0 until Devin Jenson posted about using it to run native assembly code from C#.  This was a wonderfully timed post for me as I was just putting together the finishing touches on the code for my how to detect virtual machine execution.  What Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer() enables is certainly impressive.

One thing that Devin pointed out in his post was the need for VirtualAllocEx() ` and ` VirtualProtectEx() calls to ensure the code executed was not in a Data Execution Protection block.  Since I needed to make those calls anyway to port my C/C++ code, I decided to post how to do it here:

class MemoryManager {
  const uint MEM _COMMIT = 0x1000;
  const uint MEM _RESERVE = 0x2000;
  const uint MEM _DECOMMIT = 0x4000;
  const uint PAGE _EXECUTE _READWRITE = 0x40;

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll")] public static extern IntPtr GetCurrentProcess();

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll")] static extern bool VirtualFreeEx(IntPtr hProcess, IntPtr lpAddress, UIntPtr dwSize, uint dwFreeType);

  public static bool VirtualFreeEx(IntPtr hProcess, IntPtr lpAddress, UIntPtr dwSize) {
    return VirtualFreeEx(hProcess, lpAddress, dwSize, MEM _DECOMMIT);
  public static bool VirtualFreeEx(IntPtr lpAddress, UIntPtr dwSize) {
    return VirtualFreeEx(GetCurrentProcess(), lpAddress, dwSize, MEM _DECOMMIT);

  [DllImport("kernel32", SetLastError = true)] static extern IntPtr VirtualAllocEx(IntPtr hProcess, IntPtr lpAddress, UIntPtr dwSize, uint flAllocationType, uint flProtect);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError = true)] static extern bool VirtualProtectEx(IntPtr hProcess, IntPtr lpAddress, UIntPtr dwSize, uint flNewProtect, out uint lpflOldProtect);

  public static IntPtr AllocExecutionBlock(int size) {
    return AllocExecutionBlock(size, GetCurrentProcess());

  public static IntPtr AllocExecutionB lock(int size, IntPtr hProcess) {
    IntPtr codeBytesPtr;
    codeBytesPtr = VirtualAllocEx(hProcess, IntPtr.Zero, (UIntPtr) size, MEM _RESERVE | MEM _COMMIT, PAGE _EXECUTE _READWRITE);

    if (codeBytesPtr == IntPtr.Zero) {
      throw new System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception();

    uint lpflOldProtect;
    if (!VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, codeBytesPtr, (UIntPtr) size, PAGE _EXECUTE _READWRITE, out lpflOldProtect)) {
      throw new System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception();

    return codeBytesPtr;

Updating Devin's code to use ``` MemoryManager ``` involves replacing his ``` Marshal.AllocCoTaskMem() ``` call with ``` MemoryManager.AllocExecutionBlock() ``` and ``` Marshal.FreeCoTaskMem() ``` with ``` MemoryManager.VirtualFreeEx() ```.  However, since this is really a resource that requires disposal, I also created a struct for the purpose.

public struct VirtualMemoryPtr: IDisposable {
  public VirtualMemoryPtr(int memorySize) {
    ProcessHandle = MemoryManager.GetCurrentProcess();
    MemorySize = (UIntPtr) memorySize;
    AllocatedPointer = MemoryManager.AllocExecutionBlock(memorySize, ProcessHandle);
    Disposed = false;

  public readonly IntPtr AllocatedPointer;
  readonly IntPtr ProcessHandle;
  readonly UIntPtr MemorySize;
  bool Disposed;

  public static implicit operator IntPtr(VirtualMemoryPtr virtualMemoryPointer) {
    return virtualMemoryPointer.AllocatedPointer;

  #region IDisposable Members public void Dispose() {
    if (!Disposed) {
      Disposed = true;
      MemoryManager.VirtualFreeEx(ProcessHandle, AllocatedPointer, MemorySize);

One thing I haven’t figured out yet is why  GetDelegateForFunctionPointer() ` is it not declared as ` GetDelegateForFunctionPointer<TDelegate(IntPtr ptr) since this avoids casting on the return.


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